"Simultaneous Scoring Technique." No point awarded to either contestant. Referee brings fists together in front of the chest.
AKA (SHIRO) IPPON
"Red (White) Scores Ippon." The Referee obliquely raises his arm on the side of the winner (as in ...NO KACHI).
AKA (SHIRO) NO KACHI
"Red (White) Wins!" The Referee obliquely raises his arm on the side of the winner.
Green willow. Name of a Kata.
Changing the leg.
Name given to all leg and foot techniques.
Striking techniques that are normally used in conjunction with grappling and throwing techniques
"Warning without penalty." This may be imposed for attended minor infractions or for the first instance of a minor infraction. The Referee raises one hand in a fist with the other hand covering it at chest level and shows it to the offender.
"A little more time left." An audible signal will be given by the timekeeper 30 seconds before the actual end of the bout.
To breach a fortress. Name of a Kata.
Staff. A long stick used as a weapon (approximately 6 feet long).
BOGYO ROKU KYODO
Six Defense Actions. A basic drill of the Japan Karate-Do Ryobu-Kai. Uses the old names of techniques such as AGE TE, HARAI TE (or GEDAN BARAI), SOTO YOKO TE, UCHI YOKO TE, SHUTO TE, and SUKUI TE.
Martial way. The Japanese character for "BU" (martial) is derived from characters meaning, "stop" and (a weapon like a) "halberd." In conjunction, then, "BU" may have the connotation "to stop the halberd." In Karate, there is an assumption that the best way to prevent violent conflict is to emphasize the cultivation of individual character. The way (DO) of Karate is thus equivalent to the way of BU, taken in this sense of preventing or avoiding violence so far as possible.
A study of the techniques and applications in KATA.
Fighting to the east. Name of a Kata.
A punch to the mid-section of the opponent's body.
COUNTING TO 100 IN JAPANESE .
9.Kyu or Ku
Lever, Rank or Degree. Black Belt rank. Ranks under Black Belt are called KYU ranks.
Way/path. The Japanese character for "DO" is the same as the Chinese character for Tao (as in "Taoism"). In Karate, the connotation is that of a way of attaining enlightenment or a way of improving one's character through traditional training.
Literally "place of the Way." Also "place of enlightenment." The place where we practice Karate. Traditional etiquette prescribes bowing in the direction of the designated front of the dojo (SHOMEN) whenever entering or leaving the dojo.
DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA
Japanese for "thank you very much." At the end of each class, it is proper to bow and thank the instructor and those with whom you've trained.
A Wooden oar used by the Okinawans which was improvised as a weapon.
Floor pattern of a given kata.
One the Black Belt level KATA, translated as "The Flight of a Sparrow".
Elbow. Sometimes referred to as HIJI.
elbow strike (also called HIJI-ATE) .
"Extension." After a draw, the match goes into overtime. Referee reopens match with command "SHOBU HAJIME".
"Not enough power".
"Judges Conference" .
Stomp kick, usually applied to the knee, shin, or instep of an opponent.
Special training camp.
A punch to the lower section of the opponent's body.
GEDAN WA UKE
Union lower block.
GI (DO GI) (KEIKO GI) (KARATE GI)
Fifty four steps. Name of a Kata.
GO NO SEN
The tactic where one allows the opponent to attack first so to open up targets for counterattack.
GYAKU MAWASHI GERI
Reverse Round-house Kick.
A natural stance, feet positioned about one shoulder width apart, with feet pointed slightly outward.
White swan. Name of a Kata.
HAPPOREN or PAPPOREN
Eight steps at a time. Name of a Kata.
A strike with the back of the hand.
A block using the back of the hand.
"Begin". A command given to start a given drill, Kata, or Kumite.
HAN ZENKUTSU DACHI
Half size Zenkutsu dachi.
"Master." An honorary title given to the highest Black Belt of an organization, signifying their understanding of their art.
"Foul." This is imposed following a very serious infraction. It results in the opponent's score being raised to SANBON. HANSOKU is also invoked when the number of HANSOKU-CHUI and KEIKOKU imposed raise the opponent's score to SANBON. The Referee points with his index finger tot he face of the offender at a 45 degree angle and announces a victory for the opponent. HANSOKU CHUI "Warning with an IPPON penalty. This is a penalty in which IPPON is added to the opponent's score. HANSOKU-CHUI is usually imposed for infractions for which a KEIKOKU has previously been given in that bout. The Referee points with his index finger to the abdomen of the offender of the offender parallel to the floor.
"Judgment." Referee calls for judgment by blowing his whistle and the Judges render their decision by flag signal.
"Winner by decision".
Sweeping technique with the arm.
Parallel foot Stance.
"Parallel Punch" (A double, simultaneous punch).
Peaceful mind. Name of a Kata.
An informal attention stance. Feet are together and pointed straight forward.
Techniques used after OYO WAZA is applied. HENKA WAZA is varied and many, dependent on the given condition.
"Elbow", also known as Empi.
A blocking action using the elbow.
Elbow strike (also called EMPI-UCHI).
The retracting (pulling and twisting) arm during a technique. It gives the balance of power to the forward moving technique. It can also be used as a pulling technique after a grab, or a strike backward with the elbow.
"Draw." Referee crosses arms over chest, then uncrosses and holds arms out from the body with the palms showing upwards.
HITOSASHI IPPON KEN
Inside of hand.
Strike with inside of hand scissor's like.
Open-leg step.( kind of Ashi sabaki which is use for sides).
A blocking action using the knee.
A term used to refer to the central dojo of an organization.
Evasion of an on-coming attack through the course of removing the body from the line of attack.
"One Knuckle Fist".
One step sparring.
A stabbing action using the extended index finger.
Temple ground. Name of a Kata.
Temple sound. Name of a Kata.
Temple hand. Ten hands. Name of a Kata.
Wooden staff about 4'-5' in length. The JO originated as a walking stick.
"Exit from fighting area." The Referee points with his index finger at a 45 degree angle to the area boundary on the side of the offender.
"Fourth and Final Exit from the fighting area." Fourth exit from the fighting area causes victory to the opponent.
JOGAI HANSOKU CHUI
"Third exit from fighting area". Referee uses two hand signals with announcement "AKA (or SHIRO) JOGAI HANSOKU CHUI". He first points with his index finger to the match boundary on the side of the offender, then to the offender's abdomen. An IPPON is awarded to the opponent.
"Second exit from fighting area." WAZA-ARI penalty is given to the opponent.
The ShitoRyu term for OI-ZUKI.
JUNI NO KATA
Basic kata which is applied in I embusen , contains twelve punches or blocks.
Victorious. (e.g., AKA KACHI) in a tournament.
Open hand. This refers to the type of blow which is delivered with the open palm. It can also be used to describe other hand blows in which the fist is not fully clenched.
A two handed block using the outer surface of the wrist to neutralize a two-handed attack, such as a grab.
Wrist joint strike. Also known as "KO UCHI."
Wrist Joint Block. Also known as KO UKE.
A posture or stance either with or without a weapon. KAMAE may also connote proper distance (Ma-ai) with respect to one's partner. Although "KAMAE" generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important prallel in Karate between one's physical and one's psychological bearing. Adopting a strong physical stance helps to promote the correlative adoption of a strong psychological attitude. It is important to try so far as possible to maintain a positive and strong mental bearing in Karate.
A command given by the instructor for students to get into position.
Techniques of resuscitating people who have succumbed to a shock to the nervous system.
"Empty Hand". When Karate was first introduced to Japan, it was called "TO-DE". The characters of TODE could be pronounced. However, the meaning of TODE is Chinese Hand.
"The Way of Karate". This implies not only the physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and social aspects of Karate.
A practitioner of Karate.
A "form" or prescribed pattern of movement.
Snap Kick. (Literally, Kick upward).
Training. The only secret to success in Karate.
"Warning with WAZA-ARI penalty in SANBON SHOBU. This is a penalty in which WAZA-ARI is added to the opponent's score. KEIKOKU is imposed for minor infractions for which a warning has previously been given in that bout, or for infractions not sufficiently serious enough to merit HANSOKU-CHUI. Referee points with his indes finger to the feet of the offender at an angle of 45 degrees.
Thrust Kick ( Literally, Kick Into/Straight ).
"Fist Law." A generic term to describe fighting systems that uses the fist. In this regard, KARATE is also KEMPO.
The technique with silent KIAI. Related to meditation.
KEN SASAE UKE
Fist augmenting block.
Hammer Fist Also known as TETTSUI.
KENTSUI UCHI (Or TETTSUI UCHI)
Hammer Fist Stike.
Mind. Spirit. Energy. Vital-force. Intention. (Chinese "chi") The definitions presented here are very general. KI is one word that cannot be translated directly into any language.
"Attention". Musubi Dachi with open hands down both sides.
A shout delivered for the purpose of focusing all of one's energy into a single movement. Even when audible KIAI are absent, one should try to preserve the feeling of KIAI at certain crucial points within Karate techniques. Manifestation of KI (simultaneous union of spirit and expression of physical strength).
(Something which is) fundamental. Basic techniques.
"Renunciation." The Referee points one index finger towards the contestant.
Focus of Power. (Focal point).
Jab Punch. (also called Maete zuki).
KO BO ICHI
The concept of "Attack-Defense Connection".
Wrist joint strike. Also known as KAKUTO UCHI.
"Crane Block" or "Arch Block". Same as KAKUTO UKE.
A student junior to oneself.
"Spirit, Heart." In Japanese culture, the spirit dwells in the Heart.
A stance which has most of the weight to the back. Referred to in English as Back Stance.
Hip.(also ball of the foot).
The name of a Chinese public official of the Ming Dynasty.Name of a Kata.
The method of resuscitating a person who has lost consciousness due to strangulation or shock.
Block with coiling form.
Seventeen.Holding your ground. Name of a Kata.
Springing. A reflexive, darting "out and in" kind of body shifting from any angle.
"Knowledgeable person," and usually this title is conferred at rokudan or shichidan, depending on system. I think the most common practice in the large organizations is for this to be at shichidan (7th dan).
Class or"Grade". Any rank below Shodan.
KYU or KU
Pressure Point techniques.
Proper distancing or timing with respect to one's partner. Since Karate techniques always vary according to circumstances, it is important to understand how differences in initial position affect the timing and application of techniques.
MAAI GA TOH
"Not proper distance".
MAE ASHI GERI
Kicking with the front leg.
Forward Elbow Strike.
MAE GERI KEAGE
Front Snap Kick. Also referred to as MAE KEAGE.
MAE GERI KEKOMI
Front Thrust Kick. Also referred to as MAE KEKOMI.
MAE TOBI GERI
Front jumping kick.
A feeling of absolute sincerity and total frankness, which requires a pure mind, free from pressure of events.
"Learning by imitating." A method of studying movement and techniques by following and imitating the instructor.
Pine tree wind. Name of a Kata.
MAWASHI EMPI UCHI
Circular Elbow Strike. Also referred to as MAWASHI HIJI ATE.
MAWASHI HIJI ATE
Circular Elbow Strike. Also referred to as MAWASHI EMPI UCHI.
Roundhouse Punch. (also called Furi zuki).
A command given by the instructor for students to turn around.
"I could not see." A call by a judge to indicate that a given technique was not visible form his/her angle.
Go back to your original position.
Meditation. Practice often begins or ends with a brief period of meditation. The purpose of meditation is to clear one's mind and to develop cognitive equanimity. Perhaps more importantly, meditation is an opportunity to become aware of conditioned patterns of thought and behavior so that such patterns can be modified, eliminated or more efficiently put to use.
Punch with both hands.
MOTO NO ICHI
"Original Position." Contestants, Referee and Judge return to their respective standing lines.
Students without black-belt ranking.
"Warning for lack of regard for ones own safety." Referee points one index finger in the air at a 60 degree angle on the side of the offender.
Inside tension stance.
Inside the battle field. Name of a Kata.
NEKO ASHI DACHI
Two level block.
Two-finger spear hand.
Twenty-four steps. Name of a Kata.
Twenty-eight steps. Name of a Kata.
"I welcome you to train with me," or literally, "I make a request." This is said to one's partner when initiating practice.
OTOSHI EMPI UCHI
An elbow strike by dropping the elbow. Also referred to as Otoshi Hiji Ate.
Applications interpreted from techniques in Kata, implicated according to a given condition.
Application of techniques.
Hard blocking. Striking an off-center or indirect attack with sudden maximum power.
"Respect". A method of showing respect in Japanese culture is the Bow. It is proper for the junior person bows lower than the senior person.
Etiquette. Also referred to as REISHIKI. Observance of proper etiquette at all times (but especially observance of proper DOJO etiquette) is as much a part of one's training as the practice of techniques. Observation of etiquette indicates one's sincerity, one's willingness to learn, and one's recognition of the rights and interests of others.
Practice Tournament. Competitors are critiqued on their performances.
"A person who has mastered oneself." This person is considered an expert instructor. This status is prerequisite before attaining the status as KYOSHI. Renshi "has a name. " Renshi is no longer one of the many, so to speak. Renshi is usually given at yodan to rokudan, depending on the system.
Vision of a white heron. Name of a Kata.
Water flowing. Soft blocking. Redirecting a strong attack with a circular or deflecting parry.
SAGI ASHI DACHI
One Leg Stance. Also referred to as GANKAKU DACHI or TSURU ASHI DACHI.
An Okinawan weapon that is shaped like the Greek letter 'Psi' with the middle being much longer.
SAIFA or SAIHA
The final breaking point. Name of a Kata.
Three Point match. Used in tournaments.
Three battles. Name of a Kata.
Thirty six hands. Name of a Kata.
Augmenting block. Like; Ken Sasae Uke and Hiji Sasae Uke.
Raising of the hand either to strike, grab, or block.
Lull in the storm. Name of a Kata.
"Eighteen". Name of a Kata which is belongs to Nahate system.
Thirteen hands.Name of a Kata.
A proper sitting position. Sitting on one's knees. Sitting this way requires acclimatization, but provides both a stable base and greater ease of movement than sitting cross-legged. It is used for the formal opening and closing of the class.
A senior student.
SEN NO SEN
Attacking at the exact moment when the opponent attacks.
SEN SEN NO SEN
Attacking before the opponent attacks. Premeptive attack.
Teacher. It is usually considered proper to address the instructor during practice as "Sensei" rather than by his/her name. If the instructor is a permanent instructor for one's DOJO or for an organization, it is proper to address him/her as "Sensei" off the mat as well.
SENSEI NI REI
Bow to sensei.
A match or a contest (Event).
SHICHI or NANA
Fighting four monks. Name of a Kata.
Formally recognized Instructor who has not yet be recognized as a SENSEI. Assistant Instructor.
A formal title meaning, approximately, "master instructor. " A "teacher of teachers." Hanshi is "wise" or sage-like, hence the common translation of "master." Shinan may be an alternative pronunciation.
Four direction .
Blocking in four direction. Is a moving combination technique which is apply in + pattern.
"Disqualification." This is a disqualification from the actual tournament, competition, or match. The opponent's score is raised to SANBON. In order to define the limit of SHIKKAKU, the Referee Council must be consulted. SHIKKAKU may be invoked when a contestant commits an act which harms the prestige and honor of Karate-Do and when other actions are considered to violate the rules of the tournament. Referee uses two hand signals with the announcement "AKA (SHIRO) - SHIKKAKU." He first points with his index to the offender's face then obliquely above and behind him. The Referee will announce with the appropriate gesture as previously given "AKA (SHIRO) NO KACHI!" .
Square Stance. (also called Sumo stance).
Natural Position. The body remains relaxed but alert.
"Start the Extended Bout".
SHOBU SANBON HAJIME
"Start the Bout" .
Front or top of head. Also the designated front of a Dojo.
SHOMEN NI REI
Bow to front of Dojo.
"Judges Called." The Referee beckons with his arms to the Judges.
Knife- hand strike.
The grand prize. Name of a Kata.
Edge of foot. This term is often used to refer to the side kick.
Following foot step or extended foot step.
The final one-hundred and eight hands. Name of a Kata.
Techniques from a sitting position.
TAIMING GA OSOI
"Not proper timing" .
Upward Elbow Strike.
TATE URAKEN UCHI
Vertical back-fist attack.
Vertical Punch. A fist punch with the palm along a verticalplane.
Center of gravity.
TEISHO UCHI or Shotei uchi
Palm Heel Strike.
TEISHO UKE or Shotei uke
Palm Heel Block.
Elegant hands. Name of a Kata.
Hammer Strike. Also called KENTSUI.
Roling body by stepping out. (Taisabaki).
A farm tool developed into a weapon by the Okinawans.
"Unacceptable as scoring techniques." As HIKIWAKE, but culminating with the palms facing downwards towards body.
Catching technique. A blocking technique by seizing the opponent's weapon, arm, or leg. Used often for grappling techniques.
TSUKI or Zuki
A punch or thrust (esp. an attack to the midsection).
TSURU ASHI DACHI
Crane Stance, also referred to as SAGI ASHI DACHI.
"Fight On!" Resumption of fighting ordered when unauthorized interruption occurs.
"Resume Fighting - Begin!" Referee standing upon his line, steps back into ZENKUTSU DACHI and brings the palms of this hands toward each other.
UCHI OTOSHI UKE
Inside downward block.
A live-in student. A student who lives in a dojo and devotes him/herself both to training and to the maintenence of the dojo (and sometimes to personal service to the SENSEI of the dojo).
UCHI MAWASHI GERI
Inside Roundhouse Kick.
Blocking hand, receiver.
Cloud hand. Name of a Kata.
An upper cut punch used at close range.
Strike with back of fist.
Back of forearm.
URA MAWASHI GERI
Reverse roundhouse kick.
USHIRO EMPI UCHI
Striking to the rear with the elbow.
A block where the path taken is similar to the yoko-uke. Imagine wiping a wall in front of you with your palm in a half-circle. At the end of the block the hand is angled slightly to the outside.
Side of body.
The name of a Chinese envoy. Name of a Kata.
"Half point" .
Rest. A term used by the instructor to have the students relax.
Inside outward forearm block.
YOKO EMPI UCHI
Striking with the elbow to the side.
YOKO TOBI GERI
Jumping Side Kick.
Sliding foot step.
"Weak Focus" .
Black belt holder (any rank).
Forth level .
The traditional Japanese bow from the kneeling position.
Sitting position Zen.
Lit. "remaining mind/heart." Even after a Karate technique has been completed, one should remain in a balanced and aware state. ZANSHIN thus connotes "following through" in a technique, as well as preservation of one's awareness so that one is prepared to respond to additional attacks.